IWGA's Review of Research | July 27, 2016
OCALI is pleased to provide a monthly update on current research and study outcomes from an array of professional publications.

If you have any questions regarding this information, please contact:

Melissa H. Bacon, OCALI Program Director – Policy and Interagency Collaboration
470 E. Glenmont Ave. | Columbus, OH 43214 | (614) 578-6630 (mobile)

Tomeny, T. S. (2016). Parenting stress as an indirect pathway to mental health concerns among mothers of children with autism spectrum disorder. Autism, doi: 1362361316655322.
111 mothers of children with autism were surveyed about their mental health. Over 1/2 had college degrees and almost 1/2 had household incomes over $100,000.

  • Stress was present across mothers
  • Stress was less when income was high
  • The more severe the child's autism, the more stress the mother experienced. Stress occurred in a number of areas, including having pessimistic views about their child's future. 

Patra, S. (2016). Autism spectrum disorder in the elderly: A review of healthcare issues and challenges. Journal of Geriatric Care and Research, 3(1). doi: 10.1177/1362361316655525.
Studies on ASD and aging revealed, as compared to the neurotypical elderly:

  • Continued social, communication and restricted patterns of behavior problems
  • A high rate of Parkinson disease (27%)
  • A high rate of fractures
  • High rates of depression and anxiety as well as other psychiatric conditions
  • A high rate of seizures (20%)
  • Age-related decline occurs in fewer elderly with ASD

Dijkhuis, R. R., Ziermans, T. B., Van Rijn, S., Staal, W. G., & Swaab, H. (2016).
Self-regulation and quality of life in high-functioning young adults with autism. Autism, 1362361316655525.
The quality of life of 75 college students with ASD was compared with that of 28 of their neurotypical peers. This study found that individuals with ASD experienced:

  • Less satisfaction with (a) education, (b) their physical condition, (c) relationships with a partner, (d) social relationships, (e) state of mind, and (f) life prospects
  • More problems with social processing, including identifying emotions and discussing them
  • More challenges with executive function skills, including (a) shifting attention, (b) emotional control, (c) self-monitoring, (d) initiation, (e) working memory, (f) monitoring tasks, and (g) planning and organizing.
  • Overall, quality of life was significantly lower
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